Farm Fresh would cost a farmer more than $300bn to implement over the next 10 years, a report said Tuesday.
The USDA said that would include cost-plus subsidies, as well as crop insurance and subsidies to producers.
The report was produced by a group of independent analysts and farmers, including a senior vice president at the Farm Bureau.
The cost is $300 to $400 per acre.
The farm program was created to help farmers keep their land and feed the livestock they produce, and it helps farmers pay for the crop insurance.
But critics have said the program’s cost is far too high and has not been sufficiently transparent about how much farmers pay and how much they get back.
The administration has not provided details of the program, including the impact on farm income and production, which have been the subject of ongoing debate.
The White House did not respond to a request for comment.
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack called the report “a serious analysis.”
“The farm program is critical to our farmers, but it’s not the only part of our economy that relies on farm families and small businesses to keep their farms and businesses going,” he said.